Cloning is the technology that makes New Eden's Pod Pilots immortal. It consists of two main technologies, one that allows an exact physical copy of an individuals body to be grown, faster than the original and then held dormant until it's needed, together with the technology that can download a person's memories into a blank brain. Unlike almost any other strata of society Capsuleers have full access to cloning technology, not only this but they are all entitled to a free medical clone, which ensures that they can cheat death out in the dark, dangerous expanses of space.
There are two types of clones commonly available to capsuleers, medical clones and jump clones.
Every capsuleer is granted a free medical clone at the completion of his training, this will be held dormant in the medical center of his school until it's needed, and replaced free if it's ever used. If the capsuleer is unfortunate enough to be killed whilst he's in his escape pod (known as podding) his consciousness at that moment will be sent back to the medical center where it can be recorded into his mind ready for the new copy of his body to be activated. If all is working correctly he will barely notice that anything bad has happened when he wakes up in the medical center in a brand new body. The basic clone offered free only has a limited memory capacity, if pilots wish to ensure that nothing is lost when they die, they have the option to pay to upgrade the free clone to a better model that will ensure all of their memories and training remain intact.
For this reason it is advisable that pilots regularly check their total skillpoints and ensure that their medical clone is of a high enough grade to take all of their experiences, it can be very galling to wake up and find out that you've forgotten how to fly the ship that you were piloting only moments before and need to spend time re-training. It can also save time and trouble if you move your medical clone to a closer station if you migrate to another Region than the one that you completed your initial training in.
See also : [Jump Clone] Jump clones allow a pilot to store a non-emergency clone in a different part of the galaxy and instantly jump his mind from his current body into a clone stored on the far side of the universe. Unlike medical clones, these can be activated in non-emergency situations and have no limits to their capacity. Also, unlike medical clones, they are not provided free and require specialised training, as well as high standings with the required corporation to use.