Capacitor warfare

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Cuesnosnneut.JPG

Capacitor warfare describes the use of various offensive modules or drones to disable hostile player ships by draining their capacitor, thereby rendering them unable to use modules which rely on capacitor to function. Modules that drain capacitor are known as "energy weapons" (not to be confused with energy turrets, the Amarr racial turret weapon) and are affected by Icon skillbook2.png Capacitor Emission Systems.

Many players have probably heard the phrase "cap is life" during their time in New Eden. There are many reasons why this is true, and each one is also a reason why capacitor warfare can be effective. Capacitor is necessary for maintaining active tanks, directly feeds energy and hybrid turrets, and fully powers offensive mid slot modules, including all electronic warfare modules and propulsion systems. Thus, an enemy without capacitor is an enemy with few options, which means ships with capacitor warfare capabilities often dictate the flow of the battle.

While capacitor warfare is technically a type of electronic warfare, it is generally discussed separately due to how much it differs from the more well-known forms. Capacitor warfare has bee rebalanced several times in the history of EVE, and has experienced periods of being extremely powerful and comparatively weak. Regardless of its relative power, however, it is a viable tactic that can be used to great effect when used properly.

Contents

Overview

Heavy Energy Neutralizer I stats

Capacitor warfare can be accomplished in a few ways:

  • Energy Neutralizers ("neuts") - Drains large amounts of enemy capacitor and consumes user capacitor. High slot modules of various sizes and meta levels.
  • Energy Nosferatu ("vampires", "nos") - Drains small amounts of enemy capacitor and restores user capacitor (with restrictions). High slot modules of various sizes and meta levels.
  • Energy Neutralizer Drones - Light, medium, and heavy drones based on Amarr combat drones.

All capacitor warfare systems affect the target's capacitor in the same way, removing a given amount of capacitor each cycle, "damaging" the capacitor in much the same way that conventional weapons damage hit points. This effect can be mitigated by neutralizer resistance granted by some modules.

Capacitor warfare modules are very different from the more well-known EWAR modules. Energy Neutralizers and Nosferatu are high slot modules with a very short range compared to conventional weaponry. When used on ships with bonuses to energy weapon range or strength, they can even serve as the ship's primary weapon system, often taking the place of turrets or missiles that could otherwise be fitted. They are also often fitted in utility high slots (high slots beyond the number of allowed turrets or launchers) to supplement combat effectiveness or aid capacitor stability. Because they do not deal any damage to hit points, ships using energy weapons often utilize drones to deal damage.

Capacitor warfare drones are substantially weaker than all but the smallest Energy Neutralizers, and operate in the same manner as other drones. They are rarely used do to their limited effectiveness, but are sometimes deployed by ships heavily specialized in capacitor warfare as part of a fleet, when the neutralizing ship has backup to deal damage.

Like most systems in EVE, capacitor warfare has setups against which it is inherently limited. Projectile turrets do not require capacitor to operate, and passive shield tanks continue to function without capacitor expenditure. When capacitor warfare is anticipated, pilots will often place more emphasis on heavy buffer tanks, which increases their survival time enough to possibly either destroy the neutralizer or call for reinforcements. With that said, capacitor is involved in every engagement – PvE or PvP – and thus capacitor warfare can threaten the capabilities of every ship in the game, whether through disabling weapons, support modules, or even warping to escape.

General Principles

Understanding capacitor warfare requires an understanding of capacitor mechanics. Capacitors are a self-recharging resource measured in gigajoules (GJ), with a capacitor recharge rate determined both by the specific ship and the percentage level of the capacitor, measured in gigajoules per second (GJ/sec). The 'peak' recharge rate occurs at 25% capacity, with the recharge rate sharply decreasing below this amount, and more gradually decreasing above it. Therefore, the rate of recharge is lowest when the capacitor is full (100%) or empty (0%). This is the same principle that governs the recharge rate of shields, though the values are slightly different.

Since capacitor warfare deals in the removal of capacitor it works in opposition to the recharge rate. Since the recharge rate is lowest at 100% and 0%, capacitor warfare will have the greatest relative effect at these levels. Capacitors recharge continuously over time, while energy weapons remove capacitor in chunks at the end of the weapon cycle. Energy weapons removed a base amount of capacitor per cycle, but their effectiveness is often also expressed in GJ/sec to facilitate easier comparison to the target's recharge rate. Capacitor warfare will have the smallest relative effect at peak recharge, as the amount of capacitor removed will be countered by the highest recharge rate the target's capacitor is capable of. Thus, it is often more difficult to "cap out" a target than it is to keep them capped out, i.e. it may require three neuts on a target to drain their capacitor as quickly as possible, but once fully depleted only one may be required to keep their capacitor empty. Because of this, it is recommended that ships utilizing cap boosters us charges that will bring their capacitor to 25%, so that maximum recharge is reached after each booster cycle.

The goal of capacitor warfare is to use enough neutralization to overcome the peak recharge rate of the target's capacitor. If a ship removes less then that amount, it will make it more difficult for the target ship to be cap stable, but if this is the case then it may be more effective to switch the energy weapon(s) for a different module. The basic rule of thumb is that a good capacitor warfare setup has a neutralization rate much higher than any conceivable recharge rate.

Energy Neutralizers

Icon energy neutralizer i.png
Energy Neutralizers ("Neuts", also formerly called Energy Destabilizers) are the heavy hitters of capacitor warfare, able to remove large amounts of capacitor and leave an enemy capped out faster than any other capacitor warfare system. However, they also require a large amount of capacitor to activate and have a long cycle time. Energy Neutralizers have relatively short ranges, though this range scales with module size to retain effectiveness on larger hulls.

All neutralizers have a similar set of attributes. The different sizes of neutralizer differ significantly, but for each size tier they are fairly consistent across meta levels. Aside from fitting considerations, the only attributes that change from meta 0 all the way to commander modules is the range and the amount of energy neutralized.

  • Module activation cost is consistent (45 GJ for small, 150 GJ for medium, and 500 GJ for heavy). Therefore, at each size, higher meta modules are more efficient: meta 0 modules destabilize as much as their activation cost (100% efficiency), and this efficiency trends up to meta 5 (tech II) and higher modules at 120% efficiency.
  • Cycle time is also consistent (6 seconds for small neuts, 12 seconds for medium, and 24 seconds seconds for heavy).
  • Optimal range for modules from meta 0 to the highest are: small from 4,000m - 9,000m; medium from 8,000m - 16,500m; heavy from 16,000m - 32,000m; and capital from 30,000m - 40,000m.
Stats for Small Neuts - Last verified: January 2017
Meta
Group
Meta
Level
Name Cycle
Time
Optimal
Range
Effectiveness
Falloff
Activation
Cost
Neutralization
Amount
Neut
Efficiency
Neuting
per Sec (GJ)
Powergrid
Usage
CPU
usage
Tech I 0 Small Energy Neutralizer I 6 sec 4000 m 2000 m 45 GJ 45 GJ 100% 7.5 GJ/s 8 MW 10 tf
Tech I 1 Small Gremlin Compact Energy Neutralizer 6 sec 4000 m 2000 m 45 GJ 50 GJ 111% 8.3 GJ/s 7 MW 8 tf
Tech I 1 Small Infectious Scoped Energy Neutralizer 6 sec 4500 m 2250 m 45 GJ 50 GJ 111% 8.3 GJ/s 8 MW 10 tf
Tech II 5 Small Energy Neutralizer II 6 sec 5000 m 2500 m 45 GJ 55 GJ 122% 9.2 GJ/s 10 MW 10 tf
Storyline 6 Small 'Caltrop' Energy Neutralizer 6 sec 5000 m 2500 m 45 GJ 55 GJ 122% 9.2 GJ/s 7 MW 8 tf
Faction 8 Ammatar Navy Small Energy Neutralizer 6 sec 6000 m 3000 m 45 GJ 55 GJ 122% 9.2 GJ/s 8 MW 10 tf
Faction 8 Dark Blood Small Energy Neutralizer 6 sec 6000 m 3000 m 45 GJ 55 GJ 122% 9.2 GJ/s 8 MW 10 tf
Faction 8 Imperial Navy Small Energy Neutralizer 6 sec 6000 m 3000 m 45 GJ 55 GJ 122% 9.2 GJ/s 8 MW 10 tf
Faction 8 True Sansha Small Energy Neutralizer 6 sec 6000 m 3000 m 45 GJ 55 GJ 122% 9.2 GJ/s 8 MW 10 tf
Deadspace 10 Corpii C-Type Small Energy Neutralizer 6 sec 7000 m 3500 m 45 GJ 55 GJ 122% 9.2 GJ/s 9 MW 10 tf
Deadspace 12 Corpii B-Type Small Energy Neutralizer 6 sec 8000 m 4000 m 45 GJ 55 GJ 122% 9.2 GJ/s 10 MW 10 tf
Deadspace 14 Corpii A-Type Small Energy Neutralizer 6 sec 9000 m 4500 m 45 GJ 55 GJ 122% 9.2 GJ/s 11 MW 10 tf
Stats for Medium Neuts - Last verified: January 2017
Meta
Group
Meta
Level
Name Cycle
Time
Optimal
Range
Effectiveness
Falloff
Activation
Cost
Neutralization
Amount
Neut
Efficiency
Neuting
per Sec (GJ)
Powergrid
Usage
CPU
usage
Tech I 0 Medium Energy Neutralizer I 12 sec 8000 m 4000 m 150 GJ 150 GJ 100% 12.5 GJ/s 175 MW 20 tf
Tech I 1 Medium Gremlin Compact Energy Neutralizer 12 sec 8000 m 4000 m 150 GJ 165 GJ 110% 13.8 GJ/s 160 MW 16 tf
Tech I 1 Medium Infectious Scoped Energy Neutralizer 12 sec 9000 m 4500 m 150 GJ 165 GJ 110% 13.8 GJ/s 175 MW 20 tf
Tech II 5 Medium Energy Neutralizer II 12 sec 10 km 5000 m 150 GJ 180 GJ 120% 15.0 GJ/s 200 MW 20 tf
Storyline 6 Medium 'Ditch' Energy Neutralizer 12 sec 10 km 5000 m 150 GJ 180 GJ 120% 15.0 GJ/s 160 MW 16 tf
Faction 8 Ammatar Navy Medium Energy Neutralizer 12 sec 12 km 6000 m 150 GJ 180 GJ 120% 15.0 GJ/s 175 MW 20 tf
Faction 8 Dark Blood Medium Energy Neutralizer 12 sec 12 km 6000 m 150 GJ 180 GJ 120% 15.0 GJ/s 175 MW 20 tf
Faction 8 Imperial Navy Medium Energy Neutralizer 12 sec 12 km 6000 m 150 GJ 180 GJ 120% 15.0 GJ/s 175 MW 20 tf
Faction 8 True Sansha Medium Energy Neutralizer 12 sec 12 km 6000 m 150 GJ 180 GJ 120% 15.0 GJ/s 175 MW 20 tf
Deadspace 10 Corpum C-Type Medium Energy Neutralizer 12 sec 13.5 km 6750 m 150 GJ 180 GJ 120% 15.0 GJ/s 193 MW 20 tf
Deadspace 12 Corpum B-Type Medium Energy Neutralizer 12 sec 15 km 7500 m 150 GJ 180 GJ 120% 15.0 GJ/s 210 MW 20 tf
Deadspace 14 Corpum A-Type Medium Energy Neutralizer 12 sec 16.5 km 8250 m 150 GJ 180 GJ 120% 15.0 GJ/s 228 MW 20 tf
Stats for Heavy Neuts (excluding Officer modules) - Last verified: January 2017
Meta
Group
Meta
Level
Name Cycle
Time
Optimal
Range
Effectiveness
Falloff
Activation
Cost
Neutralization
Amount
Neut
Efficiency
Neuting
per Sec (GJ)
Powergrid
Usage
CPU
usage
Tech I 0 Heavy Energy Neutralizer I 24 sec 16 km 8000 m 500 GJ 500 GJ 100% 20.8 GJ/s 2000 MW 40 tf
Tech I 1 Heavy Gremlin Compact Energy Neutralizer 24 sec 16 km 8000 m 500 GJ 550 GJ 110% 22.9 GJ/s 1800 MW 32 tf
Tech I 1 Heavy Infectious Scoped Energy Neutralizer 24 sec 18 km 9000 m 500 GJ 550 GJ 110% 22.9 GJ/s 2000 MW 40 tf
Tech II 5 Heavy Energy Neutralizer II 24 sec 20 km 10 km 500 GJ 600 GJ 120% 25.0 GJ/s 2250 MW 40 tf
Storyline 6 Heavy 'Moat' Energy Neutralizer 24 sec 20 km 10 km 500 GJ 600 GJ 120% 25.0 GJ/s 1800 MW 32 tf
Faction 8 Ammatar Navy Heavy Energy Neutralizer 24 sec 24 km 12 km 500 GJ 600 GJ 120% 25.0 GJ/s 2000 MW 40 tf
Faction 8 Dark Blood Heavy Energy Neutralizer 24 sec 24 km 12 km 500 GJ 600 GJ 120% 25.0 GJ/s 2000 MW 40 tf
Faction 8 Imperial Navy Heavy Energy Neutralizer 24 sec 24 km 12 km 500 GJ 600 GJ 120% 25.0 GJ/s 2000 MW 40 tf
Faction 8 True Sansha Heavy Energy Neutralizer 24 sec 24 km 12 km 500 GJ 600 GJ 120% 25.0 GJ/s 2000 MW 40 tf
Deadspace 10 Corpus C-Type Heavy Energy Neutralizer 24 sec 26 km 13 km 500 GJ 600 GJ 120% 25.0 GJ/s 2200 MW 40 tf
Deadspace 12 Corpus B-Type Heavy Energy Neutralizer 24 sec 28 km 14 km 500 GJ 600 GJ 120% 25.0 GJ/s 2400 MW 40 tf
Deadspace 14 Corpus A-Type Heavy Energy Neutralizer 24 sec 30 km 15 km 500 GJ 600 GJ 120% 25.0 GJ/s 2600 MW 40 tf
Deadspace 16 Corpus X-Type Heavy Energy Neutralizer 24 sec 32 km 16 km 500 GJ 600 GJ 120% 25.0 GJ/s 2800 MW 40 tf

Falloff works by reducing the effectiveness of the module when in falloff range. The formula is the same as gun falloff:

  • at 100% Optimal + 0% Falloff = 100% Effectiveness
  • at 100% Optimal + 100% Falloff = ~50% Effectiveness
  • at 100% Optimal + 200% Falloff = ~6% Effectiveness

When activating an Energy Neutralizer on a target, the activation cost will immediately be deducted from the neutralizer's capacitor and the neutralization amount (modified, if in falloff range) will be immediately deducted from the target's capacitor. This will be repeated each cycle time for as long as the neut is activated.

Energy Nosferatu

Vamp.png
'Energy Nosferatu (also called "nos" or "Energy Vampires") remove small amounts of capacitor from their target and use it to recharge the user's capacitor, and cycle more quickly than Energy Neutralizers. However, Energy Nosferatu are far more restricted in their effectiveness due to the double upside inherent in their use. Energy Nosferatu share the limited range of Energy Neutralizers, and drain much less capacitor. Most importantly, Energy Nosferatu only transfer capacitor when the user's capacitor is less than the target's capacitor. This is measured in terms of absolute capacitor amount, not capacitor percentage, e.g. a capacitor with 120 GJ of capacitor will always be able to transfer capacitor from a ship with 2000 GJ, regardless of what percentage of each ship's capacitor those amounts represent.

All nosferatus have a similar set of attributes. The different sizes of nosteratus differ significantly, but for each size tier they are fairly consistent across meta levels. Aside from fitting consideration, the only attributes that change from meta 0 all the way to commander modules is the range and the amount of energy transferred to the user.

  • Cycle time is consistent (3 seconds for small nos, 6 seconds for medium, and 12 seconds for heavy).
  • Small nosferatu will transfer from 8 - 10 GJ across the meta levels, medium from 30 - 36 GJ, and heavy from 100 - 120 GJ.
  • Optimal ranges for all the modules from meta 0 to the highest are between: small from 4,000m - 8,000m; medium from 8,000m - 16,500m; and heavy from 16,000m - 32,000m.
Stats for Small Nosferatu - Last verified: January 2017
Meta
Group
Meta
Level
Name Cycle
Time
Optimal
Range
Effectiveness
Falloff
Neutralization
Amount
Transfer
Rate
Powergrid
Usage
CPU
usage
Tech I 0 Small Energy Nosferatu I 2.5 sec 4000 m 2000 m 8 GJ 3.2 GJ/s 8 MW 15 tf
Tech I 1 Small Ghoul Compact Energy Nosferatu 2.5 sec 4000 m 2000 m 9 GJ 3.6 GJ/s 7 MW 12 tf
Tech I 1 Small Knave Scoped Energy Nosferatu 2.5 sec 4500 m 2250 m 9 GJ 3.6 GJ/s 8 MW 15 tf
Tech II 5 Small Energy Nosferatu II 2.5 sec 5000 m 2500 m 10 GJ 4 GJ/s 10 MW 15 tf
Storyline 6 Small 'Upir' Energy Nosferatu 2.5 sec 5000 m 2500 m 10 GJ 4 GJ/s 7 MW 12 tf
Faction 8 Ammatar Navy Small Energy Nosferatu 2.5 sec 6000 m 3000 m 10 GJ 4 GJ/s 8 MW 15 tf
Faction 8 Dark Blood Small Energy Nosferatu 2.5 sec 6000 m 3000 m 10 GJ 4 GJ/s 8 MW 15 tf
Faction 8 Imperial Navy Small Energy Nosferatu 2.5 sec 6000 m 3000 m 10 GJ 4 GJ/s 8 MW 15 tf
Faction 8 True Sansha Small Energy Nosferatu 2.5 sec 6000 m 3000 m 10 GJ 4 GJ/s 8 MW 15 tf
Deadspace 10 Corpii C-Type Small Energy Nosferatu 2.5 sec 7000 m 3500 m 10 GJ 4 GJ/s 9 MW 15 tf
Deadspace 12 Corpii B-Type Small Energy Nosferatu 2.5 sec 8000 m 4000 m 10 GJ 4 GJ/s 10 MW 15 tf
Deadspace 14 Corpii A-Type Small Energy Nosferatu 2.5 sec 9000 m 4500 m 10 GJ 4 GJ/s 11 MW 15 tf
Stats for Medium Nosferatu - Last verified: January 2017
Meta
Group
Meta
Level
Name Cycle
Time
Optimal
Range
Effectiveness
Falloff
Neutralization
Amount
Transfer
Rate
Powergrid
Usage
CPU
usage
Tech I 0 Medium Energy Nosferatu I 5 sec 8000 m 4000 m 30 GJ 6.0 GJ/s 175 MW 25 tf
Tech I 1 Medium Ghoul Compact Energy Nosferatu 5 sec 8000 m 4000 m 33 GJ 6.6 GJ/s 160 MW 20 tf
Tech I 1 Medium Knave Scoped Energy Nosferatu 5 sec 9000 m 4500 m 33 GJ 6.6 GJ/s 175 MW 25 tf
Tech II 5 Medium Energy Nosferatu II 5 sec 10 km 5000 m 36 GJ 7.2 GJ/s 200 MW 25 tf
Storyline 6 Medium 'Strigoi' Energy Nosferatu 5 sec 10 km 5000 m 36 GJ 7.2 GJ/s 160 MW 20 tf
Faction 8 Ammatar Navy Medium Energy Nosferatu 5 sec 12 km 6000 m 36 GJ 7.2 GJ/s 175 MW 25 tf
Faction 8 Dark Blood Medium Energy Nosferatu 5 sec 12 km 6000 m 36 GJ 7.2 GJ/s 175 MW 25 tf
Faction 8 Imperial Navy Medium Energy Nosferatu 5 sec 12 km 6000 m 36 GJ 7.2 GJ/s 175 MW 25 tf
Faction 8 True Sansha Medium Energy Nosferatu 5 sec 12 km 6000 m 36 GJ 7.2 GJ/s 175 MW 25 tf
Deadspace 10 Corpum C-Type Medium Energy Nosferatu 5 sec 13.5 km 6750 m 36 GJ 7.2 GJ/s 193 MW 25 tf
Deadspace 12 Corpum B-Type Medium Energy Nosferatu 5 sec 15 km 7500 m 36 GJ 7.2 GJ/s 210 MW 25 tf
Deadspace 14 Corpum A-Type Medium Energy Nosferatu 5 sec 16.5 km 8250 m 36 GJ 7.2 GJ/s 228 MW 25 tf
Stats for Heavy Nosferatu (excluding Officer modules) - Last verified: January 2017
Meta
Group
Meta
Level
Name Cycle
Time
Optimal
Range
Effectiveness
Falloff
Energy Transfer
Amount
Transfer
Rate
Powergrid
Usage
CPU
usage
Tech I 0 Heavy Energy Nosferatu I 10 sec 16 km 8000 m 100 GJ 10 GJ/s 2000 MW 50 tf
Tech I 1 Heavy Ghoul Compact Energy Nosferatu 10 sec 16 km 8000 m 110 GJ 11 GJ/s 1800 MW 40 tf
Tech I 1 Heavy Knave Scoped Energy Nosferatu 10 sec 18 km 9000 m 110 GJ 11 GJ/s 2000 MW 50 tf
Tech II 5 Heavy Energy Nosferatu II 10 sec 20 km 10 km 120 GJ 12 GJ/s 2250 MW 50 tf
Storyline 6 Heavy 'Vrykolakas' Energy Nosferatu 10 sec 20 km 10 km 120 GJ 12 GJ/s 1800 MW 40 tf
Faction 8 Ammatar Navy Heavy Energy Nosferatu 10 sec 24 km 12 km 120 GJ 12 GJ/s 2000 MW 50 tf
Faction 8 Dark Blood Heavy Energy Nosferatu 10 sec 24 km 12 km 120 GJ 12 GJ/s 2000 MW 50 tf
Faction 8 Imperial Navy Heavy Energy Nosferatu 10 sec 24 km 12 km 120 GJ 12 GJ/s 2000 MW 50 tf
Faction 8 True Sansha Heavy Energy Nosferatu 10 sec 24 km 12 km 120 GJ 12 GJ/s 2000 MW 50 tf
Deadspace 10 Corpus C-Type Heavy Energy Nosferatu 10 sec 26 km 13 km 120 GJ 12 GJ/s 2200 MW 50 tf
Deadspace 12 Corpus B-Type Heavy Energy Nosferatu 10 sec 28 km 14 km 120 GJ 12 GJ/s 2400 MW 50 tf
Deadspace 14 Corpus A-Type Heavy Energy Nosferatu 10 sec 30 km 15 km 120 GJ 12 GJ/s 2600 MW 50 tf
Deadspace 16 Corpus X-Type Heavy Energy Nosferatu 10 sec 32 km 16 km 120 GJ 12 GJ/s 2800 MW 50 tf

Falloff works by reducing the effectiveness of the module when in falloff range. The formula is the same as gun and neut falloff:

  • at 100% Optimal + 0% Falloff = 100% effectiveness
  • at 100% Optimal + 100% Falloff = ~50% effectiveness
  • at 100% Optimal + 200% Falloff = ~6% effectiveness

When within range of a target, and the target's capacitor amount (not percentage) is higher than your cap amount, then an activated Nosferatu acts much like a neut. The difference is that the transfer amount is added to the user's capacitor and removed from the target's capacitor. A nos will stay activated as long as the target is in range and pull cap when the cap level condition is met, so there is no downside to keeping a Nosferatu activated at all times. The primary caveat to using Nosferatu is that a nos is highly likely to be effective when fighting bigger targets, but not likely to work when fighting smaller targets.

A Nos is easier to effectively employ in a gang situation with multiple targets. While neuting the main target, a pilot can nos an alternative target (ideally a bigger ship) to maintain the Nosferatu's effectiveness. Properly employed, this synergy between neuts and nos is extremely effective.

Energy Neutralizing Drones

Main article: Drones#Combat utility drones
Acolyte EV-300 stats

Light, medium and heavy neutralizing drones employ the same general principles as other drones.

  • Strengths
    • Normal rone range mechanics
    • Neutralizer drones have no impact on your cap
    • Quick 6 sec cycle time for all sizes
  • Weaknesses
    • Normal drone weaknesses of vulnerability, flight times, etc.
    • Relatively small portions of cap neutralized

Cycle times are identical (6 seconds) for all three sizes of drones. The amount neutralized is easy to remember, as it is identical to the drone bandwidth: 5 GJ for Light, 10 GJ for Medium, and 25 GJ for Heavy drones. Like all other drone-based EWAR, pilot EWAR skills have no effect on the drones. There are no stacking penalties when using Neutralizer Drones.

Accordingly:

  • A full flight (5) light drones will neutralize 25 GJ every 6 seconds. This is roughly 1/2 as effective as 1 small neut.
  • A full flight (5) medium drones will neutralize 50 GJ every 6 seconds. This is roughly 2/3 as effective as 1 medium neut.
  • A full flight (5) heavy drones will neutralize 125 GJ every 6 seconds. This is exactly as effective as 1 meta 0 heavy neut.

Skills

Prerequisite skills:

  • Capacitor Emission Systems is the prequisite skill for Energy Neutralizers and Nosferatus. It's the only skill that directly impacts the effectiveness of capacitor warfare modules; however, it only affects neuts. It reduces the activation cost of all neuts by 5% per level which has excellent results on efficiency. At level V, a Tech II heavy neut will only require 375 GJ per cycle to neutralize 600 GJ (160% efficiency). Unfortunately, this has no positive effect on nos or drones as they do not have a capacitor activation cost.
  • Advanced Drone Avionics is the prequisite skill for Neutralizer Drones (and all other electronic warfare drones).

The better a ship's capacitor, the more effectively it can conduct capacitor warfare. Therefore both Capacitor Management and Capacitor Systems Operation are extremely important skills and should be trained to V for serious capacitor warfare users.

All the supporting capacitor management skills as listed in Capacitor Management 101 will assist in getting pilots through a fight with more capacitor available for capacitor warfare. Depending on preference, ship types and fits, the relative importance of each skill will change, but each can be considered a good investment of SP.

Implants

Talisman implants, the Blood Raider pirate set, directly enhance capacitor warfare by reducing the duration of modules requiring Icon skillbook2.png Capacitor Emission Systems. The complete high-grade set (slots 1-6) will have an overall effect of -38.12% cycle time. This is of course a huge increase in the amount of GJ/sec drained. A max skill Curse with a full Talisman set will neutralize 40.4 GJ per sec with a single meta 4+ medium neut.

Low-Grade: total effect -26.94%

Name Effect Set Effect Attribute
Alpha 1% reduction of duration 10% effect on bonus of the set +2 Perception
Bravo 2% reduction of duration 10% effect on bonus of the set +2 Memory
Gamma 3% reduction of duration 10% effect on bonus of the set +2 Willpower
Delta 4% reduction of duration 10% effect on bonus of the set +2 Intelligence
Epsilon 5% reduction of duration 10% effect on bonus of the set +2 Charisma
Omega 25% effect on bonus of the set

High-Grade: total effect -38.12%

Name Effect Set Effect Attribute
Alpha 1% reduction of duration 15% effect on bonus of the set +3 Perception
Bravo 2% reduction of duration 15% effect on bonus of the set +3 Memory
Gamma 3% reduction of duration 15% effect on bonus of the set +3 Willpower
Delta 4% reduction of duration 15% effect on bonus of the set +3 Intelligence
Epsilon 5% reduction of duration 15% effect on bonus of the set +3 Charisma
Omega 50% effect on bonus of the set


In addition, the following hardwirings are worth considering in addition to or in place of the Talisman set:

Slot 6

  • Engineering - 'Squire' Energy Systems Operation EO-6##, +(1-6)% faster capacitor recharge. Most pilots who use cap warfare, especially on dedicated ships, will use cap boosters. As such, cap recharge rate become a minor factor in cap warfare.

Slot 7

  • Engineering - 'Squire' Energy Emission Systems ES-7##: -(1-6)% capacitor usage by cap warfare modules and energy transmitters. This implant has a significant impact on the capacitor usage of cap warfare modules. It however stacks with the Egress Port Maximizer rig.

Slot 8

  • Engineering - 'Squire' Energy Management EM-8##: +(1-6)% capacitor size. This implant is more useful than the EO-6##, but less than the ES-7##. A bigger capacitor is always useful.

Boosters

When approaching boosters from a capacitor warfare perspective, Mindflood is the drug of choice. This booster increases capacitor by a percentage that stacks on top of all other modifiers without stacking penalty.

Type Increases Cap by Side Effect Chance Side Effect Strength
Synth 3% 0% 0%
Standard 10% 20% 20%
Improved 15% 30% 25%
Strong 20% 40% 30%

The potential side effects are:

  • Shield Boost Amount
  • Armor Repair Amount
  • Turret Optimal Range Penalty
  • Missile Explosion Cloud Penalty

On drone boats like the AmarrSentinel, AmarrCurse, and AmarrPilgrim, the impact of these possible effects is usually minimal, as DPS usually comes from drones and many popular fits are buffer tanked only. The worst penalty is potentially the armor repair amount for a solo fit Sentinel or Pilgrim, although there are Curse fits that use missile launchers to up DPS.

Blood Raider ships using lasers and cap warfare mods may have more of a trade-off to consider. Individual pilots will have different risk assessments, but once the applicable skills have been trained (Icon skillbook2.png Neurotoxin Control and Icon skillbook2.png Neurotoxin Recovery), the risk and impact of side effects can be greatly reduced.

Rigs

The Egress Port Maximizer rigs decrease the capacitor use of all energy weapon modules. The Tech I rig reduces activation cost by 15%, and the Tech II by 20%. More than one rig can be used, but because of stacking penalties, the effects get lower as more rigs are added.

Capacitor warfare and PvE

Energy Neutralizers have no effect on NPCs, and they never run out of capacitor, so ships fit for PvE should never be fit with Energy Neutralizers. It is possible to drain capacitor from NPCs using an Energy Nosferatu, but there are reports that there is a limit to the total amount of capacitor that can be drained from a single NPC. Energy Nosferatu will always successfully drain capacitor when used against an NPC, no matter what its size.

The use of capacitor warfare in PvE is not common, and not much has been published on the matter. It has been reported that the use of Neutralizers, neutralizing drones, or nos on NPCs will result in a chance of disrupting both shield or armor repairing by the NPC. The chance of disrupting repairs seem to increase with the size of the modules and decrease with the size of the NPC ship. So using a heavy neut on a frigate NPC should have a very high chance of stopping any repairs. Likewise using a small nos on a battleship NPC will have little to no effect on stopping repairs.

Capacitor Warfare and PvP Ships

The following ships have some bonus related to Energy Neutralizers and Energy Nosferatu for range or drain amount:

Frigates

Destroyers

  • AmarrDragoon (Destroyer)
    • 20% bonus to Energy Nosferatu and Energy Neutralizer optimal range per level of Icon skillbook2.png Amarr Destroyer
    • 10% bonus to Energy Nosferatu and Energy Neutralizer falloff range per level of Icon skillbook2.png Amarr Destroyer

Cruisers

  • Blood RaidersAshimmu (Pirate faction cruiser)
    • 15% bonus to Energy Nosferatu and Energy Neutralizer drain amount per level of Icon skillbook2.png Amarr Cruiser
  • AmarrPilgrim (Recon Ship)
    • 10% bonus to Energy Nosferatu and Energy Neutralizer drain amount per level of Icon skillbook2.png Recon Ships
    • 20% bonus to Energy Nosferatu and Energy Neutralizer optimal range per level of Icon skillbook2.png Recon Ships
    • 10% bonus to Energy Nosferatu and Energy Neutralizer falloff range per level of Icon skillbook2.png Recon Ships
  • AmarrCurse (Recon Ship)
    • 40% bonus to Energy Nosferatu and Energy Neutralizer optimal range per level of Icon skillbook2.png Recon Ships
    • 20% bonus to Energy Nosferatu and Energy Neutralizer falloff range per level of Icon skillbook2.png Recon Ships
    • 20% bonus to Energy Nosferatu and Energy Neutralizer drain amount per level of Icon skillbook2.png Recon Ships
  • AmarrLegion (Strategic Cruiser, equipped with Energy Parasitic Complex Electronic Subsystem)
    • 10% bonus to Energy Nosferatu and Energy Neutralizer drain amount per level of Icon skillbook2.png Amarr Core Systems
    • 10% bonus to the benefits of overheating Energy Nosferatu and Energy Neutralizer modules per level of Icon skillbook2.png Amarr Core Systems

Battleships

  • AmarrArmageddon (Battleship)
    • 10% bonus to Energy Nosferatu and Energy Neutralizer optimal range per level of Icon skillbook2.png Amarr Battleship
    • 5% bonus to Energy Nosferatu and Energy Neutralizer falloff range per level of Icon skillbook2.png Amarr Battleship
  • Blood RaidersBhaalgorn (Pirate faction battleship)
    • 15% bonus to Energy Nosferatu and Energy Neutralizer drain amount per level of Icon skillbook2.png Amarr Battleship

Blood Raider ships also have a unique role bonus that allows fitted Energy Nosferatu to successfully drain capacitor regardless of the target's capacitor level, thereby allowing them to remain effective at using Nosferatu against smaller targets.

Unbonused ships

A number of ships fitted for cap warfare are not bonused for it. The GallenteDominix and the AmarrProphecy are well known examples of ships with no bonus to cap warfare range or transfer amount which have been used with great effect. While any ship could conceivably be fitted with a neutralizer or a nos, the following elements help make an unbonused ship suitable for cap warfare:

  • Free high slots. The ship needs a place to fit the modules.
  • Drone capacity. When usin high slots for neuts, pilots have to rely on drones for damage. A drone damage bonus is also helpful.
  • Powergrid. Neuts cost a lot of powergrid to install.
  • Capacitor size. Neuts cost a lot of cap to run, and a ship with a big capacitor will be easier to fight with.
  • Tank. Neutralizers and Nosferatus have short ranges, so pilots will need to be close to their target, and will thus be more vulnerable to damage.
  • Range. In an unbonused ship, you need to be be close to your target to use cap warfare modules. Don't mix cap warfare modules with long range modules such as ewar.

Frigates

  • The AmarrPunisher is often flown with an utility cap warfare module.
  • Many solo fits for frigates use a small cap wafare module.

Destroyers

  • Except for the AmarrDragoon (see above), destroyers are not usually used for cap warfare.

Cruisers

  • The AmarrArbitrator is usually flown with cap warfare modules. Its tank is not that great but it has a nice drone damage bonus.
  • The ​ Maller can be used as a surprise neuting cruiser. It won't have any dps to speak of, but can fit a point, a scram or a web while being cap stable and have more than 50K EHP.
  • The MinmatarRupture is often flown with an utility cap warfare module.

Battlecruisers

  • The AmarrProphecy can be effectively fitted with capacitor warfare modules in its high slots. It has a good tank, capacitor and with good drone skills a reasonable amount of dps.
  • Brawling MinmatarHurricanes are often flown with a utility cap warfare module.

Battleships

  • The GallenteDominix is often used a cap warfare ship. Its great drone bonus makes it ideal as a close range cap warfare ship.
  • Brawling MinmatarTyphoons are often flown with a utility cap warfare module.
  • MinmatarTempests are often flown with a utility cap warfare module.

Protection from capacitor warfare

Capacitor Batteries reduce capacitor drain and neutralization amounts as shown by the Capacitor Warfare Resistance attribute on such modules. The resistance from multiple fitted capacitor batteries does stack.

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